Journal of Korean Endocrine Society 2003;18(5):481-488.
Published online October 1, 2003.
A Case of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia 2A with Germ Line Mutation of RET Gene.
Hee Young Kim, Ji Yeon Lee, Sung Bum Kim, Kye Won Lee, Ji A Seo, Jeong Heon Oh, Sin Gon Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Nan Hee Kim
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A (MEN 2A) is an autosomal dominantly inherited disease, composed of medullary thyroid carcinoma, pheochromocytoma and hyperparathyroidism. The activation of germ-line mutations in the RET proto-oncogene are responsible for MEN 2. The analysis of the RET mutations has replaced the measurement of the calcitonin level in the diagnosis of the MEN carrier state. Specific RET codon mutations correlate with the MEN 2 syndromic variant, the age at onset of the medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and the aggressiveness of the MTC. Herein, our experience of a 47-year-old woman, who had a bilateral pheochromocytoma and MTC, and MEN 2A confirmed by the detection of an RET proto-oncogene mutation at axon 10 on codon 618, is reported. Her sister was found to have the same mutant gene. After a total thyroidectomy and bilateral adrenalectomy, the calcitonin and catecholamine levels were normalized, and the patient discharged without problems. This case is reported, with a review of the literature.
Key Words: Multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A, Medullary thyroid carcinoma, Pheochromocytoma, Hyperparathyroidism, RET proto-oncogene


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