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Original Article Vitamin D Receptor Gene 3' End Polymorphisms in Patients with Graves' Disease in Koreans.
Jae Kyung Hwang, Kyung Won Kim, Tae Yong Kim, Hui Su Lee, Young Joo Park, Chan Soo Shin, Do Joon Park, Kyong Soo Park, Byung Doo Rhee, Seong Yeon Kim, Hong Kyu Lee, Bo Youn Cho
Endocrinology and Metabolism 2003;18(1):12-23

Published online: February 1, 2003
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1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Center for Hormone Research, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
3The Institute of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolism, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Internal medicine, Seoul Municipal Boramae Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Internal medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms with Graves' disease in Koreans. We also investigated the association of VDR gene polymorphisms with the clinical characteristics and titers of TSH receptor antibodies in patients with Graves' disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The VDR gene polymorphisms were evaluated in 117 patients with Graves' disease and 156 normal controls. The polymorphisms were represented according to restriction fragment length polymorphism; Aa(ApaI), Bb(BsmI) and Tt(TaqI), with the capital letters signifying the absence, and small letters the presence of restriction sites. RESULTS: The distribution of the ApaI polymorphism genotype was: AA(17.1%), Aa(50.4%) and aa(32.5%). The BsmI polymorphism genotype distribution was: BB(7.1%), Bb(35.4%) and bb(57.5%); and the TaqI polymorphism genotype distribution was: TT(92.6%), Tt(6.2) and tt(1.2%). No significant differences in either genotypic or allelic distributions were observed, between the patients with Graves' disease and the normal controls, associated with the VDR gene polymorphisms. No significant differences were observed with age, sex, size of goiter or the presence of ophthalmopathy, in patients with Graves' disease associated with the VDR gene polymorphisms. However, the titers of the TBII were significantly higher in the aa than the Aa genotype, and were also higher in the group without the A allele than in groups with(aa 55.9+/-18.3 vs. Aa 43.2+/-23.4, p<0.05; aa 55.9+/-18.3 vs. AA and Aa 42.9+/-23.5, p<0.05). Thyroid stimulating antibodies measured with a CHO cell transfected with a wild type of human TSH receptor, were also higher in patients without the A allele than in those with(aa 620+/-829 vs. AA and Aa 353+/-306, p<0.05). The titers of the anti-thyroglobulin antibodies were significantly higher in the groups not containing the B allele than in the group that did(bb 50.9+/-42.8 vs. BB and Bb 31.9+/-38.9, p<0.05). The serum alkaline phosphatase activities were higher in the group having the b allele than in the group that did not(Bb and bb 139+/-68 vs. BB 82.2+/-15.5, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The VDR gene 3' end polymorphism was not associated with susceptibility to Graves' disease in Koreans. The studies of other polymorphism sites of the VDR gene might be required to elucidate the association of VDR gene polymorphisms with Graves' disease in Koreans.

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