Warning: fopen(/home/virtual/enm-kes/journal/upload/ip_log/ip_log_2024-07.txt): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/virtual/lib/view_data.php on line 100 Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /home/virtual/lib/view_data.php on line 101 HLA, CTLA-4 and TNF-beta Gene Polymorphisms and Disease Susceptibility in Korean Children with Graves' Disease.
Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism

clarivate
OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Articles

Page Path
HOME > Endocrinol Metab > Volume 18(1); 2003 > Article
Original Article HLA, CTLA-4 and TNF-beta Gene Polymorphisms and Disease Susceptibility in Korean Children with Graves' Disease.
Moon Young Song, Min Ho Jung, Jun Seong Lee, Tai Gyu Kim, Sei Won Yang, Byung Churl Lee
Endocrinology and Metabolism 2003;18(1):32-44

Published online: February 1, 2003
  • 969 Views
  • 20 Download
  • 0 Crossref
  • 0 Scopus
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. byungcl@catholic.ac.kr
2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND
Graves' disease(GD) is an organ-specific autoimmune disorder that is inherited as a complex trait. At present three loci, namely the human leukocyte antigen(HLA), the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4(CTLA-4) and a thyroid stimulating hormone receptor(TSHR) are the only well-known genetic determinants for GD. To understand the mechanisms underlying the development of GD, we investigated the relationship of HLA alleles, polymorphisms of CTLA-4 gene and the tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-beta gene, with the disease susceptibility. METHODS: Fifty-two Korean children with GD(45 girls and 7 boys), and 119 healthy children, were investigated in this study. The HLA alleles were determined by a standard lymphocyte microtoxicity technique, ARMS-PCR(Amplification Refractory Mutation System-Polymerase Chain Reaction), PCR-SSP(Sequence Specific Primer) and PCR-SSOP(Sequence Specific Oliogonucleotide Probe) method. The CTLA-4 gene polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-SSCP(Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism), and the TNF-beta gene polymorphism by PCR-RFLP(Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism). RESULTS: (1) The frequencies of HLA-A2, B46, DRB1*08 and DPB1*0202 were significantly increased, and those of HLA-A24, DQA1*01 and DQB1*05 were significantly decreased, in the GD patients compared to the control subjects. (2) A significant difference in the distributions of the AA, AG, and GG genotypes of the CTLA-4 exon 1 were observed between the GD patients and the control subjects, and a significant increase in the frequency of the G (alanine) allele was seen in the GD patients compared with the control subjects(84.6% vs 63.4%; RR=3.2; p<0.0001). A significant difference in the distributions of the AA, AG, and GG genotypes of the CTLA-4 exon 1 was observed between the GD patients with and without exophthalmos. A significant increase in the frequency of the G allele was seen in the GD patients with exophthalmos compared to those without(94.0% vs 75.9%; RR=7.0; p<0.05). (3) No significant difference in the distributions of the 1/1, 1/2 and 2/2 genotypes, and the 1 and 2 alleles of TNF-beta was observed between the GD patients and the control subjects. No significant difference in the distributions of the 1/1, 1/2, and 2/2 genotypes and the 1 and 2 alleles of TNF-beta were observed between the GD patients with or without exophthalmos but a significant increase in the frequency of the 2/2 allele was seen in the GD patients having TSHRAb > or =45% compared with GD patients having TSHRAb <45%(37.5% vs 3.6%; RR=14.8; p<0.01). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that HLA-A2, B46, Cw*0102, DRB1*08 and DPB1*0202 are markers for disease susceptibility, and that HLA-A24, DQA1*01 and DQB1*05 are markers for disease protection, in Korean children with GD. This study showed that the CTLA-4 gene polymorphism was an additional marker of susceptibility in the GD patients, and was associated with exophthalmos, and that the TNF-beta gene polymorphism was associated with the TSHRAb activity.

Related articles

Endocrinol Metab : Endocrinology and Metabolism